• Book Name: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Borgnakke and Sonntag
  • Author: Borgnakke and Sonntag
  • Pages: 914
  • Size: 14 MB

Fundamentals of Thermodynamics PDF Free Download

In this seventh edition we have retained the basic objective of the earlier editions:

• to present a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of classical thermodynamics while retaining an engineering perspective, and in doing so

• to lay the groundwork for subsequent studies in such fields as fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and statistical thermodynamics, and also

• to prepare the student to effectively use thermodynamics in the practice of engineering. We have deliberately directed our presentation to students.

New concepts and definitions are presented in the context where they are first relevant in a natural progression. The first thermodynamic properties to be defined (Chapter 2) are those that can be readily measured: pressure, specific volume, and temperature. In Chapter 3, tables of thermodynamic properties are introduced, but only in regard to these measurable properties. Internal energy and enthalpy are introduced in connection with the first law, entropy with the second law, and the Helmholtz and Gibbs functions in the chapter on thermodynamic relations. Many real world realistic examples have been included in the book to assist the student in gaining an understanding of thermodynamics, and the problems at the end of each chapter have been carefully sequenced to correlate with the subject matter, and are grouped and identified as such.

Fundamentals of Thermodynamics PDF Free Download

The early chapters in particular contain a much larger number of examples, illustrations and problems than in previous editions, and throughout the book, chapter-end summaries are included, followed by a set of concept/study problems that should be of benefit to the students.




In-Text-Concept Question For this edition we have placed concept questions in the text after major sections of material to allow students to reflect on the material just presented. These questions are intended to be quick self tests for students or used by teachers as wrap up checks for each of the subjects covered. Most of these are straightforward conclusions from the material without being memory facts, but a few will require some extended thoughts and we do provide a short answer in the solution manual. Additional concept questions are placed as homework problems at the end of each chapter. End-of-Chapter Engineering Applications We have added a short section at the end of each chapter that we call engineering applications.


These sections present motivating material with informative examples of how the particular chapter material is being used in engineering. The vast majority of these sections do not have any material with equations or developments of theory but they do contain pictures and explanations about a few real physical systems where the chapter material is relevant for the engineering analysis and design. We have deliberately kept these sections short and we do not try to explain all the details in the devices shown so the reader can get an idea about the applications in a relatively short time. For some of the later chapters where the whole chapter could be characterized as an engineering application this section can be a little involved including formulas and theory. We have placed these sections in the end of the chapters so we do not disrupt the main flow of the presentation, but we do suggest that each instructor try to incorporate some of this material up front as motivation for students to study this particular chapter material.


Chapter of Power and Refrigeration Cycles Split into Two Chapters The previous edition Chapter 11 with power and refrigeration systems has been separated into two chapters, one with cycles involving a change of phase for the working substance and one chapter with gas cycles. We added some material to each of the two chapters, but kept the balance between them. We have added a section about refrigeration cycle configurations and included new substances as alternative refrigerants R-410a and carbon dioxide in the printed B-section tables. This does allow for a more modern treatment and examples with current system design features. The gas cycles have been augmented by the inclusion of the Atkinson and Miller cycles. These cycles are important for the explanations of the cycle variations that are being used for the new hybrid car engines and this allows us to present material that is relevant to the current state of the art technology. Chapter with Compressible Flow For this edition we have been able to again offer the chapter with compressible flow last printed in the 5th edition. In-Text Concept questions, concept study-guide problems and new homework problems are included to match the rest of the book.




End-of-Chapter Summaries The new end-of-chapter summaries provide a short review of the main concepts covered in the chapter, with highlighted key words. To further enhance the summary we have listed the set of skills that the student should have mastered after studying the chapter. These skills are among the outcomes that can be tested with the accompanying set of study-guide problems in addition to the main set of homework problems. Main Concepts and Formulas Main concepts and formulas are included at the end of each chapter, for reference and a collection of these will be available on Wiley’s website. Study Guide Problems We have revised the set of study guide problems for each chapter as a quick check of the chapter material. These are selected to be short and directed toward a very specific concept. 

Fundamentals of thermodynamics pdf free download.


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